Glyphosate residue found
A study in the US Midwest has found residual levels of glyphosate in soils previously planted to Roundup-resistant crops.
But a visiting US Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientist says these residual levels can be managed on-farm through the maintenance of soil fertility and organic matter.
"After 16 years of Roundup Ready crops, particularly corn and soybeans, researchers are now detecting glyphosate in the soil and run off water in the Midwest of the US," USDA microbiologist Bob Kremer said.
"Residual glyphosate has only just been detected in the last year so it's really difficult to extrapolate that that's going to affect future crops, but there could be a potential," he said
Dr Kremer presented the findings of the study 'Glyphosate relationship with soil biology in glyphosate resistance crops' to farmers at the WANTFA spring field day in Cunderdin last week.
He said it was very important for farmers to maintain a diverse biological system to keep a full nutrient cycle going for plant uptake. "We do know that it takes several micro-organisms to break down the complex molecules of glyphosate," he said.
"There are instances where glyphosate is used for vegetation management in systems such as orchards, where they control the vegetation in the alleys with glyphosate and then it has been determined that, in time, as that vegetation dies, the glyphosate releases from the plants and it may remain in the soil and it can be transferred to the living roots of the orchard crops."
Dr Kremer said it had been related to reduced productivity in those trees, which included lower yields.
"Anything that disrupts the microbiology of the soil could see an impact on plant growth and yield potential," he said.
Dr Kremer said researchers had detected an increase in the fungus fusarium on the roots of plants that had been recently sprayed with glyphosate. "So far we haven't seen that develop into a plant disease but the potential is there," he said.
Dr Kremer said growers should regularly test their soils to ensure adequate levels of soil carbon and the maintenance of microbial diversity.
Practical methods of addressing the issue included stubble retention, no-till practices and crop and chemical rotations.
Dr Kremer's trip to Australia was funded by the Department of Agriculture and Food.
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